Common prostatitis symptoms and treatment options

causes of prostatitis in men

This insidious disease is one of the most common diseases in the male half of humanity. Many people turn a blind eye to emerging illness and expect the inevitable development of all sorts of consequences that make normal life impossible. We will tell you about the symptoms of prostatitis in men and its treatment.

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate, which, according to statistics, affects a huge number of men of any age. Already at the age of thirty, one in three suffers from this disease, over the years the number of patients increases uncontrollably, and almost all those who have changed their sixties experience some form or another disorder. And this is only official data, but in fact the incidence rate is much higher, but due to the reluctance of men to go to doctors, doctors simply can not give exact numbers.

From early childhood, boys are taught that a real person must be persistent, endure pain and not watch for illness. And there is no question of running to the doctor with the slightest inconvenience. This rule is strictly followed by the majority of adult men who talk about their problems to doctors in the most extreme case, and sometimes even in an ambulance or hospital.

Unfortunately, this also applies to prostatitis. The first worrying "bells", such as the frequent need to go to the toilet, sometimes mild pain and discomfort when urinating, some problems with libido and strength, are explained by everything: a hard working day, a scandal with the boss, very stormy party the day before.

And the main thing - there is nothing to think about, everything will go by itself. There is some logic in this: the first signs of prostatitis in men are not very strong, they cause the patient minimal discomfort and soon disappear. Only one thing is not taken into account: the painful symptoms are gone, but the disease itself has not disappeared anywhere. It simply turns into a chronic form, which for a long time does not manifest itself in any way, and then, under the influence of negative factors, worsens and causes much more pain.

Even if it seems to you that emerging health problems are not worth it and will soon disappear without any treatment, you know that they can cause serious illness. Be sure to see a doctor, pass the examination and the necessary examinations. Remember that any disease is easier and faster to cure if you do it urgently.

Causes of the disease

Prostatitis can be caused by a wide variety of factors, often unrelated to the reproductive system. This is one of the most insidious properties of the disease.

Let us mention the reasons that most often lead to inflammation of the gland:

  • Pathogens are one of the main causes of the disease. Initially, a person can get sick with any infectious disease: from infectious inflammation of the urinary tract, sexually transmitted diseases and ending with tonsillitis, sinusitis, bronchitis or hemorrhoids, which are unexpected in this case. Even untreated caries can cause prostate problems in the future. From the farthest parts of the body from the prostate, pathogens enter through the flow of blood, lymph and other biological fluids. To this must be added a weakened immune system in almost everyone, because with normal immunity, a common cold is unlikely to cause inflammation of one of the organs of the reproductive system.
  • Circulatory disorders in the small pelvis - this is why it ranks correctly in second place. Stagnation of blood, interruption of normal blood supply and, consequently, hypoxia of organs occurs due to physical inactivity, constant sitting at work and at home. This leads to a significant increase in prostate size. Similar changes are observed in overweight people.
  • Frequent shaking and tension of the perineal muscles - people in certain professions are prone to this, for example, drivers. Hormonal imbalance - occurs in many diseases and has a very negative effect on prostate health.
  • Hypothermia.
  • Frequent constipation.

To reduce the chance of getting sick, it is necessary to monitor the regularity of sexual activity. Remember that both prolonged abstinence and excessive frequent close contact have a negative impact.

Which forms of the disease are isolated

symptoms of prostatitis in men
  • Bacterial prostatitis- caused by pathogenic bacteria. It can be acute (more common in young people) and chronic. Recent studies have shown that, as a rule, the infection affects the already pathologically damaged glandular tissues, with severe circulatory disorders.
  • Non-bacterial or bacterial prostatitis- although laboratory tests do not show the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the diseased organ, their involvement in the procedure cannot be completely ruled out.
  • Prostatodynia- there are all the symptoms of prostatitis, but the inflammation of the gland is not detected.

How prostatitis manifests itself

To diagnose the disease early, you need to know what the symptoms of prostatitis in men are. The most characteristic features are the acute form of the disease.

  • Weakness and general malaise.
  • A little and fever.
  • Increased body temperature.
  • Headache.
  • Severe pain in the perineum and groin, which worsens during urination and defecation.
  • The need for toilet frequency and immediately after urination the patient feels the need again, because the bladder is not completely empty.
  • Serious conditions requiring urgent medical attention are expressed in acute urinary retention.
  • Nervous tension, irritability.

Symptoms of chronic prostatitis

In its chronic form, the disease can be asymptomatic for many years and its symptoms can easily be confused with the manifestations of other diseases.

Let's find out how this disease manifests itself:

  • Pulling pain in the pelvis and lower back- the pain comes from the perineum, which is felt in the lower abdomen, urethra, testicles. In addition, the patient experiences back pain emanating from the leg, which can often be thought of as sciatica or other neuralgia. The pain may be concentrated in one place or it may seem to hurt together.
  • manifestations of prostatitis in men
  • Difficulty and frequent urination- pain usually occurs when the patient starts or stops urinating. At the same time, it is impossible to bear and hold the urine: despite the fact that the man recently went to the toilet, the senses are as if the bladder is full capacity. When urinating in a weak stream, very little urine is released.
  • Decreased sexual activity- a long-term inflammatory process, circulatory disorders, pathological changes in prostate tissue can not be lost and ultimately lead to a marked decrease in libido and activity. This is because the nerves pass through the gland, which transmits pulses to the centers of the brain that are responsible for erection. One of the consequences of the disease is the damage to these nerves, the reduction of their sensitivity and the development of disorders in the relevant sphere. In the beginning, the erection does not lose its strength, but at the same time, premature ejaculation is observed, then the erection itself becomes much weaker and the orgasm becomes slow. Testosterone synthesis is gradually inhibited and sexual drive is catastrophically reduced. In some cases, during ejaculation, a man feels severe pain in the head of the penis.
  • Prostate scar and reduction in organ size.In advanced cases, this process spreads to the urinary tract and bladder, causing severe urinary disorders. All this leads to the development of kidney dysfunction, the development of urolithiasis and other serious conditions.

Treatment of various forms of the disease

We have seen the most common symptoms of prostate inflammation in men, now let's look at ways to treat this disease.

methods of treating prostatitis in men

Although there are many studies dedicated to the treatment of prostatitis, to date, the general treatment regimen is not known. Treatment may vary from case to case, but there is no doubt that it is very important to correctly determine the cause of the disease and start treatment in the early stages of pathology.

In acute bacterial prostatitis, the patient is hospitalized without failure, antibiotic therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, drugs that normalize blood circulation.

The chronic form of the disease is very difficult to treat and is usually not completely cured. In case of successful treatment, a long period of remission is achieved, during which the signs of prostatitis in men and its symptoms do not appear.

The complex of treatment procedures is selected individually for each patient. The patient is prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that improve blood circulation to the prostate, immunomodulatory drugs, vitamins. Also, a man should undergo physiotherapy, prostate massage and do regular physical exercises in order to maintain prostate health.