Symptoms and treatment of prostatitis every man must know because more than 80% of the male population are struggling with this problem for life. The prostate is an important element of the human reproductive system. It secretes, which provides the existence and mobility of sperm cells, the pathologies of cancer primarily affects the sexual activity. Also, there are problems in the urinary system, because the urethra passes through the thickness of the prostate. Treatment of prostatitis is based on a dose of antibiotics, and courses of massage, in severe cases, resort to surgical intervention.
If time does not cure the illness, to develop serious complications – infertility, prostate cancer.
Signs and symptoms of prostatitis
The earliest signs of prostatitis in men are the difficulties with the excretion of the urine, pain during urination. This is because the inflamed gland greatly increases in size and compresses urinariorum a channel which passes through it. In severe cases the lumen of the urethra is completely blocked, and the patient requires urgent surgery
Since the prostate is an organ in the male reproductive system, suffering the reproductive function and reduced quality of erection. The penis is filled with blood, not completely, and sometimes the erection does not happen, also, it reduces the desire to have sex – reduced libido. In addition, most men complain of the appearance or increase of pain in the perineum during the period of the excitation.
Problems with erections and urination are two early symptoms, with the development of the disease they are coupled with other signs:
- the burning sensation in the crotch area;
- pain during bowel movements;
- the presence in the urine of bright threads, which float on the surface;
- an unusual discharge from the urethral channel.
The nature of the disease distinguish acute and chronic prostatitis. Their manifestation is different: in the acute form, impairment of General health, the temperature increases and the clinical picture of the chronic inflammation resembles the symptoms of BPH.
Acute prostatitis in men
The disease begins suddenly, the temperature rises to 39 degrees, impaired General health, male pees all the time. The urine in small portions, the entire act of urination is accompanied by severe pain in the perineum, the urethra and the lower part of the abdomen. In the course of the disease the discomfort is felt in the groin, sometimes in the rectum.
Sexual attraction is lost, erection is weak or absent. From the urethral orifice stands out stringy mucus: transparent viral prostatitis or greenish, pus – bacterial.
Acute inflammation of the patient is accompanied by lethargy, fatigue and reduced efficiency.
Prostatitis with chronic develops slowly. Initially, the symptoms of a weak, worried little man, but with time grow. Soon the slight discomfort becomes a serious problem. So in the first signs you need to contact the urologist who will help you to get rid of the inflammation and to drive long-term results.
The characteristic manifestations of chronic inflammation of the prostate gland:
- pain pain in the abdomen, which the speculum in the testicles, intestines and perineum;
- increased urge to empty the bladder, causing pain and a burning sensation;
- time of sexual intimacy is shortened. This is due to the stable discomfort that was felt as man;
- the complete loss or reduction of desire for sexual activity (libido);
- problems with ejaculation, ejection of sperm painful, reduces its strength and range;
- discharge from the urethra, which usually appear after or during a trip to the toilet.
Chronic prostatitis often leads to complications, because it is more difficult to diagnose. Sometimes the disease can be several years to manifest itself actively, and then a few days can lead to nasty consequences. Doctors advise men to be subjected to periodic preventive examination by a urologists, so as not to miss a hidden inflammation.
The exact diagnosis
To diagnose prostatitis, the main role is played by the examination and questioning of the patient. Typical complaints suggest doctor for the correct diagnosis, and finger examination through the anus, and additional methods of examinations help to confirm it.
If the prostate is inflamed, for the time of rectal palpation, the patient will complain of severe pain and in the chronic prostatitis – uncomfortable, a little painful. The touch screen is determined that prostate is enlarged and swollen.
In order to be convinced in the diagnosis, the urologist appoints additional tests:
- bacteriological analysis of urine – urine is plated in a special environment, where it grows in the microbe that has caused the inflammation. The analysis is relevant only when the bacterial nature of the disease. To identify the viral prostatitis, there are other methods;
- the analysis of secretion secreted prostate;
- biopsy of the prostate is carried out in a situation when there is suspicion for the presence of cancerous transformation of the body;
Timely diagnosis allows you to assign the correct treatment and to avoid unpleasant consequences.
Treatment of prostatitis
For the treatment of prostatitis was the most efficient and quickly bring the desired result, doctors use a holistic therapy. It includes physical exercises, massage, medicines and folk remedies. In severe cases, when conservative treatment does not lead to cure, you have to resort to surgery.
The healing process takes a long period of time, but the subject of all the meetings, the Outlook is positive. Most of the men manage to forget about the unpleasant symptoms of inflammation.
What medications are used for treatment of prostatitis?
To combat inflammation of the prostate is better to use remedies that are available in the form of rectal suppositories. By using this way of getting the drug in the body, it begins to act exactly at the place of destination, without exerting toxic effects on other organs.
As always you can set three group of drugs that fight the pathogen, reduce inflammation and swelling and reduce pain:
- antibacterial agents (antibiotics);
- blockers of alpha-adrenergic receptors;
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
It is important not to self-medicate because the medication should be taken on an individual scheme. Do not mix different medications. Prior to the introduction of candles, you will need to make sure that the previously dissolved.
The most effective folk remedies
Folk remedies is well established in the treatment of prostate cancer. One of the most effective methods is considered the use of pumpkin seeds. One day you need to eat about 30-40 pieces of raw sunflower seeds. This will ensure that the needs of the male body, zinc support prostate function.
You can also mix 500 g of chopped peeled seeds with one cup of honey. The resulting mixture roll into small balls, about the size of a walnut. Use one ball, two times a day shortly before meal. It is important to not be to quick to swallow the honey, and gradually sucked it like candy. The store of the drug should be refrigerated to avoid spoilage. Before using it for a few hours you need to put on the balls was not too cold.
Pumpkins, folk medicine recommends the use of the green peel chestnuts. It is necessary to collect, wash thoroughly, boil and drink instead of tea 1-2 times a day. As the brown tea increases the appetite, then drink it shortly before eating.
During the inflammation occur stagnation in the prostate that cause swelling and pain of the body. Physical exercise will help to disperse the blood enable the hardware for the sound and to speed up the metabolism. Therapeutic exercises consist of static and dynamic exercise, also can do special exercises Kegel, which is the reduction and relaxation of the muscles, which are located in the lower part of the pelvis.
Static exercises will help to maintain the proper tone of the pelvic floor and abdomen, and the dynamic will relieve congestion of the pelvic organs.
Classes Kegel belong to the dynamic type of exercise. During a gymnastics necessary to alternately contract and relax pelvic muscles, periodically changing the intensity and duration of the stress.
Massage to treat prostatitis
For the relief of the symptoms of prostatitis doctors prescribe prostate massage. There are two various techniques – direct and indirect. Direct massage is pressure on the gland through the wall of the rectum. From his management, are required for penetration into the intestines through the anus, this massage is best left to the specialist, not to self-medicate.
Massage according to the second method (indirect) the patient may conduct himself. For this you will need to lie down, relax, and start gently to push the center of the perineum between the testicles and anus, gradually increasing the intensity of the pressure. The procedure should not cause pain, otherwise, as soon as possible to consult with a doctor.
Hot baths for prostatitis is allowed only in the period of remission of the disease, during exacerbation can only take baths, the water temperature does not exceed 35 degrees.
In the course of the procedure, the lower abdomen, perineum and anal area gently rubbed with a washcloth. The duration of submersion in water should be no more than 15 minutes. It is important that the room is quite warm, as hypothermia or extreme changes in temperature will only worsen the patient's condition.
For the best results in the bathroom, you can add the decoction of pine needles, oak bark and chamomile.
Surgery for prostatitis
To surgical methods of treatment of prostatitis is resorted to only in extreme cases when the medication has no effect.
There are two types of work:
- TOUR – resection of the prostate through the urethra. Method is good, because it did not make the cut, and all manipulations are performed through the urethra. Surgeons remove part or all of the prostate, thereby reducing the compression of the urethra and relieve the symptoms of prostatitis;
- prostatectomy is open surgery to remove the prostate. Is not transurethral resection, has a more extended recovery period.
What are the possible complications of prostatitis?
If you ignore the symptoms of prostatitis, and not to fight with the disease, the infection will spread to the neighboring organs and cause complications:
- the appearance of abscesses in the prostate or in organs that are close;
- sclerotic changes of the prostate.
The worst thing you can lead to heal prostatitis is infertility or carcinogenic transformation of prostate tissues.
The prevention of prostatitis
To avoid unpleasant disease, you should monitor the condition of the prostate gland and to undergo regular preventive examination.
In addition, to reduce the risk will help a few simple rules:
- avoiding prolonged sitting position;
- regular emptying of the prostate – consummated sexual intercourse or Masturbation;
- the procedure of hardening.
You can also do special exercises, indirect massage of the prostate and a cold shower in the direction of the crotch.