Prostatitis in women is not a joke, but a colloquial name for inflammation of the vestibular glands. These glands are also called Skene glands and their inflammation - dermatitis - manifests itself with the same symptoms as prostatitis in men. What are the characteristics and risk of this disease?
Does prostatitis occur in women?
The insidiousness of the pathology is that it is rarely detected by doctors and is rare.
Prostatitis in women occurs, but the disease is called dermatitis. The glands that become inflamed in this pathology are located just below the urethra and are made up of sensitive tissue.
The Skene glands are thought to be a rudimentary prostate that forms in the fetus before the genitals appear. Simply put, the Skene glands are a type of vacuum that develops into a complete prostate gland in a male fetus and remains at its beginning in a female fetus.
Interestingly, these glands are able to produce a specific secretion, which is the same in composition as the secretion of the prostate in men. In addition, the PSA antigen, which is the most important cancer marker, can be found in this fluid.
Interesting!The ejaculating orgasm that occurs in some women is the result of the activity of the Skene glands.
Tentacle is rare. The problem is that female prostatitis is difficult to diagnose, it is often misdiagnosed, so there are no accurate statistics on the prevalence of this disease.
Reasons for the development of skinite
Most women are not even aware of the presence of these glands near the urethra, but when they become inflamed, they develop acute symptoms, reminiscent of the signs of prostatitis in men.
Dermatitis is most often caused by infection of the glands. The main reasons for the development of the disease:
- damage to the urethra;
- lack of hygiene;
- infection of the glands due to the spread of the infection to other diseases of the genitals.
Most often, dermatitis is caused by opportunistic microorganisms that live in the female body. They can enter the glands in the urine when urinating or from the vagina. Under normal circumstances, such microorganisms do not cause an inflammatory process, however, when the Skene glands or urethra are injured, female prostatitis occurs. This is due to a reduction in local immunity.
Dermatitis can be allergic in nature. The use of substandard personal hygiene products can cause an allergic reaction and a decrease in local immunity, thus increasing the risk of gland infection.
Another reason for the development of dermatitis in women is the trauma to the urethra due to surgery or hard contact. It is also possible to damage the opening of the urethra due to urolithiasis, when sand passes through the urethra.
"Prostatitis" in a woman is associated with an irregular sex life. Frequent change of sexual partner and neglect of barrier contraception increases the risk of urinary tract infections.
One factor that increases the risk of developing this disease is a general decrease in immunity. Dermatitis can be associated with recent serious infectious diseases, hypothermia, exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Symptoms of the disease
With pathology, constant weakness and "weakness" is felt throughout the body.
Once you know if a woman has prostatitis, you need to know how dermatitis manifests itself. The disease is called "female prostatitis" largely because of symptoms resembling prostate inflammation in men. When discarded, the symptoms are as follows:
- frequent urge to urinate.
- urination in small portions.
- aches and pains in the urethra when using the toilet.
- pain during sexual intercourse.
- increased body temperature;
- spasms in the bladder area.
- general malaise, loss of strength.
Dermatitis in many ways resembles cystitis in women. With this disease, the urge to urinate is constantly felt, but this need can not be fully met. Urine is excreted in small portions and this is accompanied by severe discomfort. The feeling of a full bladder persists even when you use the bathroom.
You can distinguish dermatitis from other diseases of the urogenital system with similar symptoms from the presence of pain during sexual intercourse.
There is no intense heat with skin, but the body temperature can rise to 37, 5-38 degrees.
Why is prostatitis dangerous in women?
Having understood the peculiarities of this disease, patients question whether such prostatitis is dangerous for women. This disease can lead to dangerous complications, therefore, it requires early diagnosis and treatment.
Among the possible complications of dermatitis:
- gland abscess;
- cystic neoplasms?
- secondary infertility;
- adhesions in the small pelvis;
- deformation of the area where the inflammatory glands are located.
- spread of the infection to other organs of the small pelvis.
The disease is contagious and can be caused by pyogenic bacteria. In severe cases, the inflammation can develop into a glandular abscess, which is accompanied by severe symptoms and requires surgery. An independent discovery of an abscess is potentially dangerous with the development of sepsis (blood poisoning).
The infection can spread through the bloodstream to all the organs of the small pelvis. There is also a risk of upward spread of disease-causing agents with subsequent kidney infection. In addition, with extensive infection, a woman can infect a partner through unprotected sex. In men, bacterial urethritis can develop into prostatitis.
Ultrasound diagnostics are performed to make sure there are no other diseases.
Having understood if there is prostatitis in women and with what signs and symptoms one can suspect dermatitis, it is recommended not to self-medicate, but to seek medical help immediately.
The main problem with dermatitis is the complex diagnosis. Due to the peculiarities of the location of the glands, their inflammation is accompanied by symptoms of inflammation of the bladder or urethral mucosa, therefore, often a wrong diagnosis is made and a wrong treatment regimen is prescribed.
The Skene gland is inaccessible, so it is impossible to fully examine it. In this regard, the diagnosis is made by excluding other diseases with similar symptoms. Required exams:
- Ultrasound of the bladder to rule out cystitis.
- Ultrasound of the uterus and appendages to rule out inflammation.
- smear from the cervical canal.
- bacterial culture from the cervix.
- general and biochemical analysis of urine.
- a smear from the urethra.
After the exclusion of other diseases, the treatment of dermatitis is prescribed. Often the most informative diagnostic method is urine analysis, which detects pathogenic microorganisms.
Characteristics of treatment
With skinning, conservative treatment is applied. Treatment includes medications of the following groups:
- antibiotics to eliminate the infection.
- anti-inflammatory drugs used in urology.
- anticonvulsants to reduce pain.
Broad-spectrum antibiotics or antibacterial drugs used to treat cystitis are usually prescribed. Since it is often impossible to accurately determine the causative agent of the disease, the doctor may prescribe several drugs of this group at the same time. Third-generation cephalosporins have been shown to be good.
The acute symptoms subside one day after starting antibiotic treatment. However, it is important to take the medication in a course, the duration of which is determined by the doctor on an individual basis.
To eliminate the pain, the use of anticonvulsants is recommended. Simple analgesics are ineffective because the pain is associated with spasm of the urethra and bladder.
In addition, herbal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to treat cystitis and kidney disease. These drugs reduce the inflammatory process, normalize the urination process and facilitate overall well-being in various diseases of the urinary system.
Immunomodulators are required. They use both drugs to prevent diseases of the urogenital system and enhancers, for example, purple echinacea extract.
Having understood how to treat dermatitis, you should pay attention to important preventive measures. This disease is similar to cystitis - once you get sick, the chance of recurrence remains for many years. To avoid this, you must:
- observe personal hygiene.
- use barrier methods of contraception.
- have a permanent sexual partner.
- strengthening immunity.
When the first worrying symptoms appear, you should make an appointment with a gynecologist and urologist immediately. Self-medication for dermatitis is dangerous with chronic inflammation.