Medical statistics claim that most men on our planet know first hand what prostatitis is. However, the disease is not detected and treated quickly. If we talk about the age category of the disease, the symptoms of prostatitis can be diagnosed at the age of 18, but the long chronic course of the disease with inflammation of the gland (prostate) is typical for elderly patients.
What is prostatitis in men
The name of the disease comes from the Latin "prostatitis", which literally translates as prostate and inflammation. Prostatitis in men is a generalized name for prostate inflammation, a complete picture of the causes and mechanisms of development of which is not fully understood. The symptoms of prostate inflammation are not difficult to recognize, but it must be borne in mind that in all patients the disease proceeds according to a single scenario, it can develop without specific symptoms, flowing unnoticed in a chronic form.
How prostatitis manifests in men
Doctors divide the disease into different forms depending on the symptoms and the clinical picture of the patient. It can be acute, chronic, bacterial, tumorous, congestive, infectious, purulent, and depending on it, prostatitis manifests itself in the form of various symptoms.
May be diagnosed by sudden attacks of severe pain in the scrotum, with difficulty urinating, weak strength. In the presence of the disease, the properties of the sperm and the quality of the ejaculate deteriorate. If at least one of the reported symptoms occurs, you should see a doctor.
Signs of prostatitis
Symptoms can be diagnosed by a general urine and blood test. The research will help identify the culprit for the onset of the disease and may be some infections: for example, trichomes, garderillosis, chlamydia and even gonorrhea. Bacteria enter the area through blood vessels from the bladder or rectum and cause health problems. The non-bacterial form of the disease is not detected by tests, however, this is not an indication of the absence of bacteria. The consequences for both forms can be dire.Signs of prostatitis in men are divided into two phases - latent and active. The first phase has small symptoms, but already shows the presence of the disease. The latent phase can last for years and is characterized by discomfort in the scrotum, sometimes in the head of the penis, in the anus. As a rule, men attribute it to simple fatigue. When the pain becomes more intense and the emptying of the bladder begins to cause major problems, it means that the inflammation is progressing and the disease has entered an active phase.
The disease has several stages of development. Initially, it may cause a constant urge to urinate and pain and burning in the toilet during this procedure. Lower back, pelvic floor and groin ache
Once you discover the first signs of prostatitis in men, you should consult an andrologist or urologist, so as not to complicate the situation and maintain the health of men.
Symptoms of prostatitis
The disease can manifest itself in three main symptoms:
- frequent urge to go to the toilet.
- weak or no erection.
External symptoms of prostatitis include urinary problems. Urine pressure is low, bladder emptying occurs with pain and there may be a complete absence of urine outflow (in medicine, this phenomenon is called isuria). This is due to the compression of the urethra by the inflammatory gland. If the development of inflammation is allowed, it swallows the urethra, the rectum, the urogenital system or causes tumor growth. After 30 years, all men should be examined by a specialist each year.Inflammation of the prostate causes several different symptoms of prostatitis. The symptoms of acute prostatitis can be severe and cause a very strong general feeling of malaise, with chronic prostatitis the symptoms are usually milder. Not every patient necessarily has all the characteristic signs of the disease, the severity of the symptoms can vary depending on the condition of the body and other factors.
In order to protect against the onset of the disease, a person should avoid:
- unbalanced diet (except fried foods, canned food, alcohol).
- sedentary lifestyle
- bad habits?
- irregular sex life,
- Frequent sexual erections without ejaculation.
The main symptom associated with local symptoms is pain. By nature, they hurt, pull, explode or push. The sensations of pain in prostatitis in men are mild or strong and are always concentrated in the perineum, anal area or sacrum.
The cause of the pain symptom is the irritation of the prostate by the products of the inflammatory process. What other symptoms are there for prostatitis?
Pain can be accompanied by relief. From the outer opening of the urethra, there is often a secretion of different degrees of transparency, different density and color, for example, thick milky white at the end of urination or defecation. In the chronic form, the patient may experience sperm - the release of sperm in small portions during bowel movements and muscle tension in the perineum.
Getting rid of prostatitis in men can be purulent greenish. They are also observed with a slow course of the disease, when they consist of damaged epithelium, mucus, leukocytes. This type of discharge, the presence of a pain symptom, chills and high body temperature indicate the transition of the disease to an acute form. If a patient does not consult a urologist, the disease can cause serious pathologies: sclerosis, infertility.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis
The first symptoms of chronic prostatitis can be thought of as discomfort, pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes in the lower back and hip. Sexual dysfunction develops within a few days. At the end of sexual intercourse, there may be pain in the tip of the penis, which disappears on its own in a few minutes. Finally, each urination begins to be accompanied by a burning sensation and pain, which will gradually increase.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis in men
In this form, the disease is divided into bluetongue, follicular, purulent. In the first case, the symptoms of acute prostatitis in men are characterized by urinary problems, while in the second they are complemented by pain in the scrotum and fever. In the third case, the disease manifests itself in the form of glandular abscesses and the strongest manifestation of all the above symptoms.
Treatment of prostatitis in men
The treatment process includes measures to eliminate inflammation and congestion in the prostate. Success depends on their quick release. Treatment of prostatitis in men begins with a diagnosis, by locating the root of the problem. The doctor will take a swab from the urethra and, if the result is positive, will prescribe antibiotic treatment. The duration of treatment will depend on the degree of damage to the body and how effectively the existing symptoms disappear.
Young people get sick, in most cases, due to elementary hypothermia. As a result, the acute form of the disease progresses, to fight antibiotic therapy. If prostatitis is caused by stress, then the root of the disease is treated by a neurologist. In such cases, the doctor prescribes relaxing massages, electrophoresis and taking vitamins. Without eliminating the cause of the disease, it will not be possible to get rid of it.
When symptoms of prostatitis and prostate adenoma occur, the following treatment mechanism is applied:
- Antibiotics are an important ingredient in the treatment of infectious diseases. The composition of the drug must have a wide range of action.
- Alpha-blockers may be prescribed to improve blood circulation, for rapid prostate recovery.
- To restore the hormonal system, your doctor may recommend taking hormonal medications.
- Muscle relaxants prescribed by a specialist will reduce the tension in the striated muscles of the gland.
Herbs are often used in the complex treatment of prostatitis.
If the above methods do not bring the required results, surgery is used. Sometimes it may be the only possible cure.Prostatitis syndromes in men in acute and chronic forms can be treated with laser treatment. This method cures acne (functional units of the gland) and increases the patient's defense. Chronic prostatitis can be treated with lasers and medications. With a severe form of the disease without particularly severe signs, the laser helps the patient to quickly improve his condition: after two or three procedures, the pain disappears, the power is fully restored.