Some of the most common diseases affecting the male reproductive system are prostate adenoma and prostatitis. The second is an inflammatory process that occurs in the tissues of the prostate, respectively, the first is a tumor that forms in this organ.
These are problems that are actively diagnosed in men. But everyone knows that proper nutrition can protect against many diseases, as well as become one of the components of the healing process. Thus, an important role in the treatment of this disease is played by the diet for prostatitis and prostate adenoma. With its help, the healing process is more active and requires less time.
The essence of such a diet
No one would claim that food is both therapeutic and neglected. For this reason, when pathological changes are detected in the patient's body, the doctor often prescribes restrictions on certain foods consumed. A similar diet has been developed to help the male body fight prostate disease.
It is selected for each patient individually, taking into account the severity of the pathology, his general condition and his memory, as well as taste preferences. At the same time, it has been proven in practice that recovery will not be possible without a change in diet and nutritional balance.
Food should not at least worsen the state of health, at best - become one of the elements of the healing process. Therefore, the dietary substance for prostatitis and prostate adenoma is reduced to alleviate the patient's condition.
If a person wants to recover, he must comply with the restrictions. The "right" meals slow down the development of the pathology and increase the chances of faster healing.
Special attention is paid to products that contain a high percentage of selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn), which have a beneficial effect on the volume, reducing its size. During treatment, the patient should receive 25 mg of zinc during the day, as well as at least 5 μg of selenium.
Products have a large amount of zinc:
- Seafood: oysters, mussels, shrimp.
- Red meat, mainly lamb and lean beef. Wheat seedling and bran. Buckwheat.
- Watermelon and pumpkin seeds
- Chocolate and cocoa powder.
- Beef liver.
- Egg yolks.
The second important element, selenium, is found in the following foods:
- Pork and beef liver.
- Rice, barley, buckwheat and oatmeal.
- Octopus meat.
- Beans and lentils.
- Sea cabbage.
- Combs and shrimp.
- Olive oil.
Also, do not forget vitamin E, which increases the effective absorption of selenium. We must keep in mind that from food the body absorbs only a part (in the best case scenario - half) of the micronutrients in its composition.
As the study showed, the main cause (catalyst) of adenoma manifestation is hormonal imbalance, which has worsened over the years. With age, the amount of testosterone decreases and at the same time the concentration of estradiol increases. Also, the appearance and growth of a tumor is affected by an increase in the amount of adipose tissue. It follows that one of the ways to prevent adenoma should be to control body weight.
In addition, it is necessary to constantly take care of bowel cleansing. Therefore, diet should be related to solving this problem. But before you start keeping it, you should study the list of foods that you can and cannot eat.
What else is important?
Drinking fluids with meals and just before bed is discouraged. Otherwise, the digestion process worsens and at the same time the night load on the elimination system increases. Water and beverages should be consumed between meals or one hour after meals.
It is essential to maintain a balanced diet for adenoma and prostatitis and a variety of foods. Protein food should prevail. The fat content is allowed, but not more than 30%. Basically, these must be vegetable fats.
Do not eat too much at night. It is necessary to monitor your weight, avoid overeating and the appearance of extra pounds.
Reasons that stimulate the development of the problem
The main reasons are hormonal changes and infections. The food consumed can also contribute to the development of such a pathology.
If the disease has progressed to a chronic stage, then you should always follow these recommendations, because if the regime is violated, it can cause aggravation. The basic principle of the diet for chronic prostatitis and prostate adenoma is that the food should be light, quickly digestible. The other principles of this diet, as well as the list of "useful" and "harmful" products are listed above.
After Adenoma Removal Surgery
With a specific clinical picture, doctors can raise the issue of adenoma resection. After surgery, the patient undergoes rehabilitation, part of which is the diet after prostate adenoma operation.
Its main principle is the predominance of vegetables, protein foods and fruits, the reduction of fat, especially animals. Vegetable fats should be preferred, which provide the body with the necessary substances for normal functioning.
A high level of vegetable protein in food has a beneficial effect on the body and this seriously reduces the risk of developing cancer.
The largest (or completely excluded) restriction affects products such as:
- Coarse fibers.
- Foods containing dyes, food additives, preservatives and flavorings.
- High calorie meals with a high percentage of animal fat.
- Fried, spicy and overly spicy foods.
- Smoked meat and pickles.
- Carbonated and caffeinated beverages.
The main part of the diet for prostate adenoma in men should be vegetables and fruits full of vitamins, fiber, trace elements that activate the digestive process and prevent stagnation in the pelvic organs.
As mentioned above, do not ignore the level of bowel function. In addition to eliminating foods that cause flatulence, and can "correct stools, " you should also review your diet: it should be taken in small portions, but the number of meals should be increased. This will keep your digestive tract toned, promoting more active production of gastric juice, which can prevent constipation.
During the postoperative period, plums, boiled beets, fermented dairy products, dried apricots, carrots, cereals and other dishes appear on the patient's table.
The diet after BPH should be as follows. To reduce the postoperative recovery period, it is necessary to reduce the load on the digestive and urogenital systems. A balanced diet boosts the body's immune system, allowing it to fight disease more effectively and activate hidden reserves for faster recovery.
Diet menu for prostatitis and adenoma
Must comply with the above product instructions. When the disease worsens, you should switch to food in small portions. The daily diet should be divided into four to six meals. The diet menu for men with prostatitis should consist of simple and healthy dishes.
Here is a daily meal plan. Thus, a diet for prostatitis for a week can consist of the following menu.
- Fruit jam.
- Decaffeinated tea.
Snack: Banana (medium).
- Lean vegetable soup.
- Mashed potatoes.
- Chicken breast with sweet and sour sauce.
- Dried fruit compote.
Snack: Raspberry Jelly.
- Boiled squid.
- Boiled cabbage.
Before bed - yogurt.
- Curd mass.
- Fruit and berry jelly.
- Snack: a handful of nuts.
- Soup cooked in light vegetable broth.
- Boiled fish.
- Salad - any choice of vegetables (fresh).
- Green tea.
Snack: apple baked with cinnamon and honey.
- Rabbit cooked in sour cream.
- Carrot salad with beets.
Before bed: milk (glass).
- Barley porridge.
- Raw carrot salad.
- Fruit juice.
Snack: Pumpkin baked with apple.
- Fresh salad with herbs and vegetables.
- Boiled asparagus.
- Mineral water without gas (glass).
Afternoon snack: fruit salad.
- Grilled stew.
- Baked potatoes.
- Fresh cucumber.
Bedtime: Natural yogurt.
- A boiled egg.
- Buckwheat porridge.
- Berry jelly.
- Chicken stew.
- Cabbage cutlet.
- Herbal tea.
Snack: fresh apples.
- Roast chicken in orange sauce.
- Fresh vegetable salad.
Before bed: fermented boiled milk (glass).
- Boiled rice.
- Soft boiled egg.
- Fresh fruit.
Snack: Banana dessert.
- Vegetarian borscht.
- Fish cooked on a vegetable pillow.
- Green salad.
- Dried fruit compote.
Afternoon snack: fruity sorbet.
- Squid stuffed with rice.
- Any vegetable salad.
Before bed: kefir (glass).
- Corn porridge.
- A piece of hard cheese (not greasy).
- Herbal tea.
Snack: Pear dessert.
- Spaghetti or any other cooked al dente.
- Meat pendants on a vegetable pillow.
- Fresh cherry tomatoes.
- Fresh fruit compote.
Snack: curd with sour cream and raisins.
- Pumpkin stuffed with vegetables and meat.
- Fresh salad with cabbage.
Before bed: milk (glass).
- Pearl barley porridge with carrots and onions.
- Vegetable salad.
- Green tea.
Snack: a handful of nuts (anything else).
- Mushroom puree soup.
- Toast with dark bread.
- Fresh juice.
Snack: Berry Pie.
- Grilled fish in foil.
- Fresh tomatoes.
Before bed: kefir (glass).
How to prepare meals for such a diet?
Here are some recipes for men on a BPH diet.
As you can see, it is easy to make at home.
Stuffed poultry fillet
To prepare this dish, you will need the following:
- Chicken or turkey, fillet - 500-750 grams.
- Rice - half a glass.
- A carrot (medium size).
- Bulbs - 1-2 pieces.
- Garlic - 5-6 teeth.
- Tomato juice - 0. 5 liters.
- Spice - a little.
- Salt of your choice (but remember that the diet for prostatitis and BPH requires restriction of this product).
- Basil and other herbs (can be dried).
- Any vegetable oil.
Chicken or turkey fillets should be cut lengthwise. Depending on its thickness, two to three thin slices can be obtained. If it cannot be cut thinly, the thick parts should be lightly beaten with a kitchen hammer or a wheel.Peel the carrots and cut them into thin strips and the onions into half rings. Peel the garlic and cut the teeth with a knife. The rice should be thoroughly washed with several portions of water, boiled until soft, kept slightly under the lid, then discarded in a colander and allowed to drain excess liquid. Then add onions, carrots, garlic, basil, pepper and salt. Mix everything well.
Place some minced rice in the fillet slices in the middle and wrap them in envelopes. To ensure that they do not collapse during further processing, they must be secured with a toothpick or threaded.
Pour some water into a large saucepan and bring to a boil. Add tomato juice, vegetable oil and onion. Fry the fillet envelopes on all sides in a pan in a small amount of oil. The fire must become quite intense. The meat must have a crust that protects it from drying out and keeps it juicy. Do not cook it: the diet for prostatitis and prostate adenoma should be light.
After frying, place the stuffed fillet in a marinade pot and simmer until soft. Remove the floss or toothpicks before serving.
Roasted perch with lemon and herbs
You need the following information:
- Perch fillet - 400 grams.
- Crushed bread crumbs - a teaspoon.
- Dill - bunch.
- Lemon is something.
- Vegetable oil - three tablespoons.
- Salt of your choice.
Remove all bones from fish, rinse and dry with a kitchen towel. Prepare the marinade: mix the crackers, oil and salt. Add chopped dill. Brush the fish fillets with this mixture.
Transfer the fish to the oiled pan. In a preheated oven at 180 degrees, cook the fillets for about 15 minutes. It can be served at the table with lettuce leaves.