Prostate inflammation is a problem for many men over 40. Very often, this disease becomes chronic. This is due to the neglect of the pathology, as men rarely go to the doctor when the first symptoms appear. Also, prostatitis becomes chronic due to the influence of negative factors. At this stage, different drugs are prescribed to treat chronic prostatitis in men, as the treatment must be long and complicated.However, in order for the recession to last longer in case of illness, a man must not only take all the prescribed medications for treatment, but also follow a healthy lifestyle and follow a diet prescribed by the treating physician. Factors that cause and worsen prostatitis include:
- alcohol abuse?
- sedentary lifestyle
- infectious and viral diseases?
- wrong diet.
Many men do not realize how devastating this disease is for their body. If you do not get medical treatment on time, chronic prostatitis can be complicated. These complications include:
- prostate abscess?
- formation of cysts and stones in the prostate, which can only be treated with surgery
- cystitis. In this disease, inflammation of the seminal vesicles occurs.
- Prostate sclerosis is more common due to unprotected prostatitis and treatment of this complication is performed only during surgery.
- and sometimes even prostate cancer.
The symptoms and treatment of these complications are different, but all of these pathologies are serious. Most often, these complications are treated with surgery.
All complications can be avoided if you see a urologist and proctologist regularly. Especially men after 45 years should visit these doctors once a year. And get lab tests (general and PSA concentration).
Drugs for the treatment of chronic prostatitis
How to treat prostatitis? There are many essential medicines for treating chronic prostatitis, as prostatitis cannot be treated with one medicine. The complex treatment includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, anticonvulsants. It is also very important to take medications that support the vitamin and immunity.
Which groups of drugs will be prescribed for chronic prostatitis depends on the causes of its occurrence. If the infectious nature of the disease is identified, then the main components of treatment will be antibacterial drugs. As a rule, they are selected with a wide range of actions, but sometimes others are appointed. The duration of treatment for exacerbation of chronic prostatitis depends on the severity of its occurrence. It may take 14 days or even 3 months to take antibiotics.
Prescriptions can be completely different, as appropriate laboratory tests of susceptibility to these drugs are performed before the appointment. Most often, antibiotics are prescribed in the form of injections, less often tablets. Since these drugs in the form of injections are much faster and more effective.
Sometimes drugs from different groups are prescribed for acute inflammation.
Immunomodulators and immunostimulants
In case of chronic prostatitis, which is caused by an infection, it is simply necessary to take immunomodulators. These drugs are taken together with antibiotics, as they promote better penetration of the active substance into the focus of inflammation, and also restore the balance of the components of the immune system, so the body itself begins to actively fight inflammation. Also, with chronic prostatitis, it is recommended to take these medications twice a year as a precaution.
This type of medicine should only be prescribed by a doctor, as incorrect dosing and prolonged use of immunomodulators can lead to the opposite effect, ie a chronic decrease in immunity. These drugs are available as a solution for injection and anal suppositories. Most often, during the period of exacerbation, a course of 5-10 days is prescribed in the form of injections and then a gradual transition to suppositories.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to quickly relieve discomfort as they reduce inflammation and swelling. Thus, the pain is eliminated.
In particularly acute cases, these drugs are ineffective and then hormonal drugs are prescribed. Hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are sometimes used in physiotherapy procedures, ie electrophoresis, thus acting locally on the prostate. In this case, the hormonal drug has no general effect on the body.
This type of medicine is increasingly being prescribed for chronic prostatitis. Alpha blockers act on the bladder and prostate, ie their receptors. Therefore, they relax the muscles, thus making it easier to urinate. This means that the pain when urinating is eliminated.
But these drugs affect blood pressure readings, alpha-blockers lower it. Contraindicated in people who have severe hypotension. This combination will lead to dangerous consequences.
Severe perineal pain is common during the exacerbation of chronic prostatitis. In this case, spasms of the striated muscles occur. This means that the use of anticonvulsants and muscle relaxants is required.
General tonics and tonics
This group includes medicines that are prescribed to improve glandular function. And they must necessarily be prescribed as part of the main drug treatment.
Topical medications for chronic prostatitis are very effective. In the case of prostatitis, these are anal suppositories. In this form, pharmaceutical companies produce antispasmodics, antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The use of drugs in such a dosage form is possible both in the acute course of the disease and in other cases, for example, after surgery.Both suppositories and ointments injected rectally are quite effective as they act directly on the prostate. When injected into the rectum, they are absorbed into its walls, and the prostate connects directly to the back wall of the intestine. In addition, such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis do not pass through the whole body and liver, where part of the active substance is metabolized.
It is important to note that it is forbidden to prescribe such candles and ointments yourself. Since a high concentration of the active substance is absorbed simultaneously into the gland, and if used incorrectly, the wrong dose can be an overdose and complication.