Description of the causes, symptoms, features of diagnosis and treatment of acute or chronic bacterial prostatitis. Recommendations from urologists that will help you quickly diagnose the disease and contact the clinic in time for diagnosis and prescription of complex treatment.Prostatitis is one of the most common urological diseases in men. Inflammation of the prostate brings discomfort to life and can lead to sexual impotence.
According to various estimates, one-fourth to one-third of the male population after 40 years have prostate problems, among young people the statistics are better, but they are still unhappy.
Today we will talk about bacterial prostatitis (BP), we will examine the causes of its occurrence, the symptoms and the characteristics of the diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of occurrence
The complexity of PD is that it often progresses to a subtle form and is not detected for a long time, which delays the start of treatment.
The main cause of bacterial inflammation of the prostate is the infection of the gland, but not only this leads to the disease.
Among the causes of bacterial prostatitis, we note:
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Violation of the rhythm in sexual life.
- Chronic constipation.
- Alcohol abuse.
To understand how these causes affect the onset and development of pathology, let's look at their specifics.Germs and infections regularly enter the prostate, but this does not always lead to a bacterial infection as the immune system works.
In addition, good blood flow quickly transports infections and stimulates local immunity in the gland area, which prevents infection.
Interesting!Sedentary lifestyle and irregular sex create congestion in the prostate, which is an additional factor in the onset of the disease.
If you have a sedentary job, then after 40 and even earlier, it is a good idea to go to the gym or do hip exercises at home.
Also, obesity and chronic constipation impede blood flow to the gland area. Monitor your weight and include foods high in fiber in your diet to avoid constipation.
As for alcohol, it weakens the immune system (with regular abuse), which removes the body's protective barrier and is easier for germs to "win" the prostate.
Remember, bacterial prostatitis does not come from scratch, it usually occurs in those who do not monitor their health.
Symptoms of the disease
Like any other disease, PD has its own symptoms, the severity of which varies depending on the stage of the disease and the characteristics of the patient's body.Most of the time a person with prostate inflammation worries:
- Frequent urination.
- Painful sensations when you go to the toilet.
- Heavy in the groin area
- Decreased sexual drive, up to erection problems.
The most severe symptoms are when acute PD develops, if treatment is not started, then the disease becomes chronic and the severity of the symptoms is eliminated.
You do not need to rejoice here, as chronic inflammation is more difficult to treat and treatment takes longer.
Bacteria that cause prostatitis are microplasma, chlamydia and other germs that can enter the prostate through the urine or through the bloodstream from the primary infected organ.
Important!If you have the first symptoms of prostatitis, then this is a reason to go to the urologist and get diagnosed, because a quick start of treatment increases the chances of success.
In acute form, the patient may even have a fever of up to 40 degrees, as well as fever. The pain in the rooster can be intense, the purulent discharge occurs from the urethra and the desire to use the toilet is very common.
Acute bacterial prostatitis in men can not go unnoticed, this is its advantage, as the patient goes immediately to the urologist.
In the acute form, there is a strong burning sensation when you visit the toilet and generally irritability and fatigue occur.
If treatment is not started on time, PD can lead to complications:
- An abscess in the body of the prostate.
- Cellular changes in the prostate.
Cell changes lead to infertility as it reduces sperm motility and sperm quality. In addition, narrowing of the urethra with scars makes it difficult to urinate and leads to obstruction of the bladder, which may be the reason for the surgeon's intervention.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is either primary or secondary. In the first case, it develops immediately without an acute phase, in the second it appears as an advanced form of acute inflammation of the prostate.
The symptoms of the chronic phase are more vague, but they also give the patient discomfort:Difficulty urinating
- The desire to use the toilet increases.
- Erectile function is reduced.
- Burning sensation and heaviness are felt in the perineal area.
These are the main signs of chronic PD, if treatment is not started immediately (combination therapy), then complications are possible in the form of:
- Reduced immunity.
The risk of the disease is precisely in the less severe symptoms, which sometimes men simply do not pay attention to.
If it is impossible not to notice the acute phase, then the chronic inflammatory process is often overlooked and the treatment is long and not always effective.
Diagnosis of inflammation
When the first signs of prostatitis appear, you should go to the doctor who will prescribe a series of diagnostic measures. They will make it possible to determine the presence of inflammation and its type, which will help in the effective treatment of the disease.
Complete diagnostics include:
- Digital examination of the prostate.
- Prostate secretion analysis.
- Get a coating for STDs. Glandular ultrasound.
Digital examination of the gland is an unpleasant but important stage of diagnosis, as the patient is simple, has unequal density and enlarges.
Secretion analysis will determine the infectious or non-infectious form of the disease and the ultrasound will help the doctor see the contours of the gland - if it is cloudy, then this is an obvious confirmation of prostatitis.
After the diagnosis, the urologist decides on the treatment of the patient, taking into account:
- Type of prostatitis.
- The form of the disease.
- Age of the patient.
- Individual characteristics of the patient.
- The presence of concomitant diseases.
Accurate diagnosis allows you to choose the optimal treatment regimen and the treatment shows the maximum result. The more stages the diagnosis requires, the more accurate the diagnosis will be and the easier it will be to prescribe a complex treatment.
Treatment of prostate inflammation
Treatment for acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis is different, as it requires different doses of medication and varies during treatment.
Interesting!In the early stages, it is important to eliminate the symptoms unpleasant for the patient in order to improve the quality of life, since the doctor's task is to get rid of the disease completely, regardless of its form.
Treatment of acute prostatitis
For the treatment of acute prostatitis, etiotropic therapy must be prescribed. In the case of a bacterial type of disease, antibiotics and antimicrobials cannot be taken.
In addition, the following are assigned:
- Pain relievers.
- Vitamins with trace elements.
Drugs for PD are selected individually, depending on the primary infection and the course of the disease.
Important!Antibiotics and antibacterial agents fight germs, while vitamins and immunostimulants help boost immunity.
Massage in the pre-acute phase helps to accelerate the excretion of prostate secretions and normalizes blood flow to the gland.
In case of acute course of the disease, massage can not be prescribed and normal therapeutic procedures, for example, laser and electrophoresis, are not recommended at this stage.
It is a mandatory treatment step, but is not recommended in the acute phase of PD.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis
Treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis requires more treatment and a wider range of procedures. Dosage increases are often required.
Added in the above treatment steps:
- Taking herbal medicines.
- A complete range of physiotherapy.
- Perform special exercises.
- Consultation with a psychologist.
With reduced activity, increased doses of vitamins and stimulants may be prescribed, as treatment requires regular sexual activity.
As for the exercises, they are selected depending on the age, the course of the disease and the individual characteristics of the organism. The doctor also takes into account the presence of side effects.
From the article you learned how to diagnose bacterial prostatitis, then you just need to carefully monitor your health and consult a doctor when the first signs of the disease appear.
The sooner treatment is started, the shorter the treatment process will be and the sooner the man will return to a full life.