Why does it occur?
The causes of the acute form of the disease in men is the infection of organs with gram-negative (E. coli, Proteus, Klebsiela and others) and gram-positive (streptococci, staphylococci) bacteria.
Acute bacterial prostatitis often develops as a result of urogenital infections transmitted through unprotected sex, such as:
- Chlamydia. Candidiasis.
- Trichomonas and a few others.
In addition, urethritis is often the cause of acute prostatitis: pathogenic bacteria enter through the prostate ducts that open into the urethral wall. Much less often, the infection occurs when men develop acute cystitis and bacteria from the bladder enter the prostate. There is also a hematogenous method of infection, in which pathogens spread throughout the body through the bloodstream.
In addition to these reasons, there are others:
- Disorders in intimate life (interruption and short duration of contact, erectile dysfunction).
- Body hypothermia. Inactivity caused by sedentary work or lifestyle.
- Pathology of the rectum.
- Consequences of surgery on the urogenital organs.
- Respiratory viral infections.
- Stable phenomena that form in the vessels of the pelvis and often lead to reduced drainage of the prostate ducts.
- Difficulty defecating, varicose veins.
The causes are various, but they all contribute to the development of acute prostatitis.
How does the pathology manifest itself?
Symptoms generally depend on the stage of inflammation.
In the stage of runny nose, the following symptoms of acute prostatitis are observed:
- Severity and painful symptoms in the genital area. Painful and frequent emptying of the bladder, which is especially worrying for men at night.
- A slight rise in temperature is possible.
- No signs of poisoning.
On palpation, no changes may be detected or a slight enlargement of the prostate may be found. In men, this test causes little pain. The symptoms of an acute prostatitis type are also detected through tests. In the secretory gland, there is an increased level of leukocytes, the presence of mucus and pus filaments and leukocytes also appear in the urine. Early treatment of bluetongue prostatitis will allow a person to recover in a week and a half.
Acute follicular prostatitis has more severe symptoms. Men worry about pain in the perineal area, which is given in the sacred area, in the anus. At this stage, the patient feels painful urination. The pain also leads to difficulty in defecation. The temperature rises to 37, 5-38 ° C.
Some symptoms are detected and diagnosed. During the scan, the doctor determines that the gland has grown and thickened, while it becomes asymmetric, when pressed, causing severe pain. The number of purulent filaments and leukocytes in the urine increases, they are deposited in the urine as a precipitate. If adequate treatment is prescribed, the prognosis is favorable.
If the disease is left untreated, the next stage develops - acute parenchymal type of prostatitis. The symptoms of this form of the disease in men are as follows:
- Temperatures rise to 39-40 ° С. The patient is trembling.
- There are signs of general weakness.
- Loss of appetite, but constant thirst.
- Initially, urination becomes very frequent, difficult and after a while stops.
- The patient suffers from constipation and flatulence.
The symptoms of acute prostatitis are more intense, for example, the pain radiates to the rectum and becomes throbbing. Sometimes the symptoms are complemented by swelling of the parathyroid tissues, in which case the method of rectal examination can not be applied. A mixture of pus is observed in the urine. An acute illness must be treated urgently, otherwise an abscess will develop. If a weakly infectious pathogen enters the body, the symptoms practically do not appear, then it is said that the patient has a subacute type of prostatitis.
How is it treated?
Are men interested in how to treat acute prostatitis? According to experts, the treatment of acute prostatitis is mainly based on the elimination of the causes of the disease. As a rule, drugs with antimicrobial action are used. Antibiotics are selected individually in each case based on the diagnostics performed. Taking antibiotics lasts until complete recovery. Such a treatment, according to doctors' reviews, will allow the cessation of acidic processes that lead to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms in the tissues of a man's infected organ. Treatment of acute prostatitis must be comprehensive.
Not only antibiotics but also other medicines are used:
- Means that improve blood circulation.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Vitamin complexes.
- Herbal medicines.
- Sedatives and antidepressants.
Preparations with analgesic and anticonvulsant effects can relieve men from unpleasant painful sensations. A similar effect is exerted by suppositories for insertion into the anus with anesthetic in the composition. Suppositories, as a rule, have antibacterial properties, acting gently directly on the cause of the disease - the pathogen.In order to normalize the metabolic processes in the prostate gland in men and accelerate the regeneration of damaged tissues, a course of bioregulatory peptides is prescribed. Treatment also includes immunostimulants and regulators, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (tablets or injections), injectable solutions, vitamin complexes. If antibiotics or NSAIDs do not treat the infection, hormones are included in the treatment.
After eliminating the main symptoms of acute prostatitis, the treatment is supplemented with physiotherapy:
- Prostate massage.
- microwave and more.
A good result, as evidenced by patient reviews, is the treatment of prostatitis with herbal preparations.
These medicines are recommended for home use for preventative purposes. Herbal tablets can replace the decoctions and infusions of home-made medicinal herbs.
The symptoms of acute prostatitis perfectly remove the decoction from the mild flowers, the hop cones, the selandin. Horsetail, reed root, chamomile are effective.
With a significant delay in the outflow of urine in acute prostatitis, a catheter is not inserted;
If a prostate abscess is diagnosed, then the treatment is performed surgically, while the abscess is open, the cavity is drained. In the acute form, there is bed rest, as well as denial of sexual intercourse, diet.
As evidenced by the reviews of doctors, early identification of the causes of the acute form of the disease and an effective treatment process can cure the disease in a fairly short time.