Is prostatitis treated? Treatment methods and prognosis

Faced with inflammation of the prostate gland, every man sooner or later raises the question of whether prostatitis can be treated. In order to assess the chances of complete restoration of organ function, it is necessary to have a precise understanding of the mechanism of disease development.

Prognosis for acute prostatitis

Whether prostatitis is treated depends, first of all, on the type of disease. By the nature of the course, acute and chronic prostatitis is noted. Due to the development, the disease is infectious and non-infectious.

The most favorable prognosis for complete restoration of prostate function is in acute inflammation. Interestingly, this type of disease is diagnosed in men of any age group, while chronic congestive prostatitis is a disease of older men. Acute inflammation of the prostate sometimes develops in children, in the context of infectious diseases of the urinary system.

The cause of acute inflammation is an infection of the prostate. The infection usually enters the organ from the bladder or through the bloodstream. The causative agent of the disease can be both opportunistic microorganisms (E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) as well as sexually transmitted pathogens (chlamydia, ureaplasma).

Bacterial prostatitis is curable if the disease is diagnosed early. The treatment is performed with antibacterial drugs. The drug is selected taking into account the causative agent of inflammation. As a rule, drugs of the penicillin or tetracycline group, fluoroquinolones are used. In addition, a number of agents are prescribed for symptomatic treatment - anti-inflammatory drugs, anticonvulsants, alpha-blockers for prostatitis, immunostimulants. Perhaps the appointment of a course of physiotherapy after the removal of acute inflammation.

Acute prostatitis resolves within a few weeks; the course of treatment rarely exceeds two months. The patient is then prescribed herbal medicines to normalize prostate gland function, which should be used for a long time. As a rule, early detection of acute infectious prostatitis is successfully treated and does not cause complications such as impotence or infertility.

This form of the disease can be suspected by the rapidly developing symptoms. The characteristic signs of prostatitis are pain when urinating, incomplete emptying of the bladder, cramps in the perineum and lower abdomen.

Prognosis for chronic prostatitis

It is important to consult a doctor if chronic prostatitis is being treated. Typically, this form of the disease develops as a result of incorrect treatment for acute inflammation of the prostate gland or against a background of metabolic disorders in the pelvic organs.

Whether this type of disease is curable depends on the following factors:

  • the patient's age;
  • stage of the disease;
  • severity of symptoms.

With age, the size of the prostate increases. This is due to the natural aging process of the body and the changes in the hormonal levels of men. The older the patient, the more difficult it is to cure the disease.

Chronic prostatitis develops due to circulatory and lymphatic drainage disorders in the pelvic organs. In most cases, it is diagnosed in obese men with a sedentary lifestyle.

The symptoms of this type of prostatitis are manifested by impaired urination, weakening of the erection and pain. The prostate gland swells, there is a thickening of the secretion of the organ, which can cause the development of infertility in a man due to a change in the composition of semen.

Whether prostatitis can be completely cured depends on how soon the disease is diagnosed. The chronic form of inflammation develops slowly, it can take up to 7 years from the onset of microcirculation in the organ to the development of inflammation. In the initial stage, prostatitis is successfully treated by normalizing the nutrition of the organ. For this, the patient is prescribed a series of drugs and physiotherapy methods aimed at normalizing the tone of the vessels and muscles of the pelvic organs.

In the later stages of congestive prostatitis, irreversible changes occur in the organ. Long-term use of medication becomes ineffective, so the only way to get rid of the disease is surgery. In this case, both partial and complete removal of the organ (prostatectomy) is performed.

Methods of treatment of chronic prostatitis

Whether chronic prostatitis in men is treated depends on when the man went to the doctor. In the initial stage of the violation of the nutrition of the organ, drug therapy is used. The following are used for treatment:

  • prostate prostate;
  • drugs to improve blood microcirculation.
  • alpha blockers;
  • immunostimulants.
drugs to treat prostatitis

To relieve inflammation, patients are shown to be taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The course of treatment rarely exceeds 10 days. Then the treatment is continued with herbal preparations, the action of which aims to improve the microcirculation of blood in the inflammatory organ. As the disease is accompanied by a violation of urination, drugs of the group of alpha-blockers are used. Their action is aimed at relaxing the muscles of the bladder and prostate walls. The drug acts directly on the receptors that regulate muscle tone. This allows you to reduce the pressure of the prostate on the surrounding tissue and normalize the outflow of urine by relaxing the bladder.

Chronic prostatitis is treated with immunostimulants. After removing the inflammation and reducing the swelling, it is important to avoid the development of an exacerbation of the disease, which is often seen with the slightest hypothermia or a drop in immunity.

Physiotherapy - treatment with electricity, magnetic field, ultrasound allows you to restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in the cells of the organ. As a rule, with early detection of congestive prostatitis, a properly developed pharmaceutical and physiotherapy regimen minimizes the risk of disease progression in the future.

Radical therapy

Having understood whether prostatitis is curable or not, it is important to understand that in some cases, the medication will have to be taken for many years. Over time, the effectiveness of drug treatment decreases, so the only way to get rid of the disease is surgery. Depending on the severity of the inflammation and swelling of the organ, either partial removal of the organ or radical prostatectomy is performed.

Minimally invasive surgeries and laser treatment occupy the first place among the methods of prostate influence. During this procedure, a layer-by-layer burning of small areas of the prostate gland, the tissue of which has changed as a result of prolonged edema, takes place. The operation does not take more than a few hours and the recovery takes several days. Full recovery will not take more than a month. The advantages of minimally invasive methods are that there is no risk of bleeding and complications. As a rule, such an intervention does not affect in any way the reproductive function and the erection. Patient feedback allows us to conclude that laser exposure to the prostate gland in prostatitis is the most effective and efficient way to treat chronic prostatitis.

surgery for prostatitis

Auxiliary tips

Prostatitis imposes a number of restrictions on the patient's life. To speed up the restoration of the prostate gland will help:

  • balanced nutrition;
  • rejection of bad habits.
  • regular sex;
  • moderate physical activity.

To get rid of the disease requires a comprehensive approach. In addition to medication, there is physiotherapy, massage, a set of exercises to normalize blood circulation to the pelvic organs. In addition, patients are presented with a diet, foods that are useful for men's health are introduced into the diet - citrus fruits, nuts, pumpkin. It is recommended to take flaxseed and pumpkin seed oil as dietary supplements.

Chronic prostatitis requires careful attention to everyone's health, otherwise any hypothermia or stress can cause flare-ups. Frequent exacerbations of prostatitis lead to the development of the disease and the dysfunction of the prostate gland. In order for the night urge to urinate to remain in the past and never return, in addition to taking medications to relieve inflammation, it is necessary to take immunostimulants. To strengthen the nervous system, it is advisable to take B vitamins, magnesium drugs, sedatives.

It is important to remember: any disease can be successfully treated if diagnosed early and prostatitis is no exception. If the patient does not start the disease, follows the doctor's recommendations and does not self-medicate, you can get rid of prostatitis.