Prostatitis is an inflammatory lesion of the prostate gland in men that significantly reduces the quality of life.
The reasons for the development of prostatitis
There are the following risk factors:
- genital infections;
- weakened immunity;
- Bad Habits;
- irregular sex life;
- body hypothermia;
- sedentary life.
These factors contribute to the intensification of hypotonic inflammatory processes in the prostate gland (prostatitis). It is easier to help a patient in the early stages of the inflammatory process than to wait for the clinical manifestation of the disease in the form of various lesions in urination, reduced quality of sexual life or difficulties in reproduction.
Symptoms of prostatitis
The absence of complaints in most patients in the early stages of the inflammatory process in the prostate (prostate gland) is due to the small number of pain receptors in the organ itself.
Of course, you should consult a urologist when you are worried about:
- painful sensations in the perineum, in the lower abdomen.
- itching in the urethra;
- the quality of sex life decreases.
- frequent urination occurs (not always painful).
- you have to go to the toilet at night.
- a sexual partner can not get pregnant.
Fever, weakness and nervousness (including those caused by fears) are also possible.
You should not postpone the start of treatment when symptoms (complaints) appear, which may decrease for a while, but will develop without medical help.
Comprehensive treatment of prostatitis
For effective treatment, you should consult your doctor. Diagnosis is based on complaints, test data and test results. A high quality examination guarantees success in diagnosis (by identifying its causes) and further treatment. The necessary examination can be done in a specialized clinic. If you already have laboratory test results, ultrasound results on your hands, then the clinicians recommend that you take them with you to your appointment. This will help you save on your family budget and shorten your exam time.
In the complex treatment of prostatitis, clinicians use modern highly effective drugs, therapeutic procedures, exercise therapy, dietary recommendations. All this allows you to eliminate both the causes and the consequences of the disease. Something that leads to the fastest possible recovery of the patient's health.
Treatment of acute prostatitis
The basis of treatment is antibiotic therapy, individually tailored to a particular patient in a particular case. Anti-inflammatory, antipyretic drugs are used as adjuncts. It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids and rest in bed. If it is impossible to urinate, a catheter is removed to remove urine. If an abscess develops, the patient has a transurethral or intra-abdominal opening of the purulent focus.
In a severe stage of prostatitis, urgent hospital treatment is necessary.
Effective treatment of chronic prostatitis
The complex effect on the prostate gland brings good results:
- Antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal treatment is selected individually based on the results of laboratory tests and the stage of the disease.
- Anti-inflammatory treatment.
- Preparations that restore weakened immunity.
- Massage of the prostate gland restores the structure and function of the organ and improves the supply of drugs.
- Exercise therapy increases the effectiveness of the previous three points.
- Nutritional recommendations.
Prevention of prostatitis
Primary prevention means preventing the disease as such in a healthy person.
- Fighting sedentary lifestyle. Including exercise therapy.
- The most complete diet with the obligatory use of vitamin and mineral complexes (trace elements).
- If you do not have a permanent sexual partner, then the mandatory use of a condom in sexual activity. And the rejection of oral sex (all the same germs live in the mouth as in the urogenital system).
- If you have a regular sexual partner, when urinary tract infections occur (and this can be a complication after a cold, food poisoning and lack of hygiene), modern treatment is mandatory day by day and with the same drugs.
- If you and your partner are having anal sex, it is imperative that you use a condom every time.
- Try not to lack sleep whenever possible. Deal with chronic stress (There are many books that have been written on this subject with results). It makes sense for athletes to control overtraining whenever possible. And try to avoid frequent hypothermia (experiment with clothes), which undermine the body's resistance as a whole.
- If your sex drive decreases, visit your urologist to maintain a regular sex life.
Secondary prevention means preventing exacerbations and relapses of an existing disease.
In addition to the above recommendations, it is recommended to add the following:
- To be examined by a urologist for hidden infections.
- Use drugs that improve the structure and function of the prostate gland.
- Treatment of any source of infection, including sinusitis and caries.
- Limit alcohol consumption if possible.
- The food should contain a sufficient amount of dietary fiber: vegetables, fruits, herbs, whole grains and always bran.
- Treatment of comorbidities that reduce the effectiveness of treatment. The most common and important of these are diabetes mellitus, vascular disorders, metabolic syndrome, hormone deficiency (including the main male hormone - testosterone).