The appearance of stagnation in the prostate always indicates the development of an inflammatory process that prevents the full functioning of the male prostate. The process of blood flow is obstructed and the gland ceases to empty completely, as a result of which its secretion occurs stagnant.
Very often this disease develops in the context of chronic prostatitis. Therefore, the patient may not be aware of the presence of stagnant processes in his body for a long time.
Prostate congestion can occur for a variety of reasons. As a rule, this disease is non-bacterial and manifests itself due to the influence of the following factors:
- Lack of continuous intimate life. Frequent arousal without subsequent ejaculation, inconsistent sexual intercourse, incomplete ejaculation, frequent sex after prolonged abstinence can lead to stagnant processes.
- Anatomical features. If a person has an insufficient venous valve or weakness of the walls of the veins of the urogenital plexus. Spinal injuries, as well as diseases such as disc herniation or osteochondrosis. With physical damage to the spine, prolonged spasm of the prostate vessels is likely to occur. Frequent hypothermia of the body, work in a room with active air conditioning, the presence of electricity and so on.
- Bad habits - smoking, alcohol abuse. As a result, the patient may experience paralysis of the small vessels of the urinary tract.
- Chronic increase in temperature in the pelvic organs. This phenomenon can also be attributed to anatomical features.
- Frequent colitis and diarrhea.
- Eating problems, dehydration.
According to most experts, the main cause of stagnation lies in the varicose veins of the lower extremities. In this case, there is a violation of the blood circulation of the pelvic organs, due to which the prostate begins to fill with blood.
Often the cause of the disease can be an inflammatory process located in the pelvic organs or rectum. Also, the disease can be caused by hormonal disorders.
Various acute or chronic infections can also cause stagnant processes in the prostate. The infection penetrates the prostate through the urethra. Infection is also possible through the rectum, blood or lymph vessels.
Who is at risk
Stable sedentary work is a direct route to stagnant prostatitis.
Although this disease develops suddenly, it can be avoided by excluding factors that cause daily life. At risk of developing stagnant processes in the prostate are:
- People with a sedentary lifestyle. First of all, we are talking about those people who work sitting down.
- Patients suffering from frequent constipation.
- People who eat illegally and neglect healthy, nutritious food.
- Smokers and people with severe alcohol dependence.
In most cases, this disease is characterized by an asymptomatic course and therefore it is almost impossible to determine its presence at home. The first sign of the disease is the presence of pain in the perineal area. It usually gets worse with walking. However, the disease has some symptoms, which need to be discussed in more detail.
The main symptoms of congestive prostatitis are:
- Decreased strength and sexual drive. Worsening of the erection.
- Reduce the amount of sperm, reduce its cohesion. Frequent premature ejaculation.
- Decreased orgasm quality.
- Stable burning sensation in the urethra and bladder.
- Problems with urination, which is intermittent and painful.
- There are pains in the groin that extend to the sacrum or inner thigh.
- There is constant burning and discomfort in the bladder and urethra.
Non-specific symptoms of congestive prostatitis include general weakness, decreased performance, sleep disturbances and general irritability.
At present, prostate congestion may occur with the following types of prostatitis:
- Years.As a rule, it develops in the absence of a normal sexual life or its replacement by masturbation. Obesity, loss of contact, stress, poor blood supply, sedentary lifestyle - all of these factors eventually lead to the development of chronic prostatitis. In chronic prostatitis, ejaculation is usually secreted in the form of clots. Prostate massage or sexual intercourse can improve the patient's condition, but the effect will be short-lived.
- Venous.Appears in the presence of pathologies of the venous system. If a patient is diagnosed with varicose veins, as a result of which there is an accumulation of venous blood in the venous system of the small pelvis, then stagnant procedures can be located in the prostate. The consequence of this is prostatitis.
- Congestive.Occurs as a result of incomplete emptying of parts of the prostate, as a result of which it is constantly in a state of overflow with blood, which contributes to the development of inflammation. Most often, this form of prostatitis occurs in middle-aged men.
- Infectious.In this case, the cause of the disease is an infection that enters the prostate through the urinary tract. If this happens in the course of cognitive prostatitis, then the inflammatory process increases and the general condition of the patient worsens.
Prostate ultrasound will help to accurately determine the picture of the disease.
Diagnostic measures must include palpation of the prostate as well as examination of the posterior urethra. This is the basis for diagnosing prostatitis, allowing the specialist to determine if the sensitivity is low or high. Also, the presence of a disease is evidenced by the release of a meager sterile secret.
In addition, if the doctor suspects the development of the disease, the patient is sent for prostate rheography. This procedure is well tolerated by patients, averaging about fifteen minutes. According to the results of the rheography, it is possible to detect violations of the venous outflow, to obtain basic information about the condition of the vessels - their elasticity and integrity.
If the blood flow to the glandular tissues is difficult, then this indicates the presence of degenerative changes.
To confirm the diagnosis and receive additional information, the following procedures apply:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Prostate ultrasound.
You can not do without laboratory diagnostic methods, which include the successful completion of the following tests:
- Urine tests.Includes general urine analysis, triple study and microflora culture. During these analyzes, pathogenic microflora, including chlamydia, are often not detected.
- Blood test. We are talking about thromboelastography and coagulation.
- Analysis of ejaculate and prostate secretions.Most often, with congestive prostatitis, no leukocytosis is detected. However, the sample contains images of column and squamous epithelium.
Differences between congestive prostatitis and infectious
The disease is accompanied by frequent depression in men.
At the diagnostic stage, it is very important to distinguish a stagnant process from an infectious one. Otherwise, the treatment will be chosen incorrectly, which can lead to some complications. Therefore, the specialist should be aware of the following symptoms:
- Problems with urination - usually, the patient urinates frequently in the morning. In addition, his condition is improving.
- Pain and burning pain in the perineum, testicles.
- Fever with severe general fatigue.
- Depression and general anxiety.
- Erection problems and weak orgasms. Usually, the quality of ejaculation deteriorates in patients, which can be detected during additional studies.
Initially, the doctor conducts palpation studies, which reveal certain changes in the prostate. We can talk about the following possibilities:
- the instrument is magnified.
- the outlines of the prostate are blurred.
- the consequence has changed.
- increased sensitivity.
- Note the softness of the contours of the middle sulcus.
Important! In the presence of the above symptoms, the patient does not show signs of infection during laboratory tests.
The secret of the prostate is characterized by a thick consistency, which stands out in the form of lumps and clots. Similar changes are observed as a result of the prostate breast. In some cases, the patient himself may notice the presence of lumps in the sperm during ejaculation. This shows the evolution of a stagnant process.
Treatment for diseases includes complete cessation of smoking.
The treatment of congestive prostatitis is determined by the degree of its manifestation. Based on the results of a thorough diagnosis, the specialist determines the course of further treatment. As a rule, it follows an integrated approach and consists of the following procedures:
- Drug therapy.When treating stagnant processes in the prostate, the patient should take anti-inflammatory drugs. The doctor may also prescribe other medicines to his patient.
- Pain relieversmay be prescribed for pain. They are usually taken with blood thinners.
- Operation mode.When stagnant prostatitis is detected, the patient follows a strict diet that includes a limited intake of spicy and fatty foods. The key to a speedy recovery is a balanced diet, when the patient's daily diet contains large amounts of fermented fruits, vegetables, dairy products and oils.
- Sexual function.It is very important for the patient not only to monitor sexual hygiene, but also to improve his intimate life. Regular sexual intercourse will normalize prostate function and prevent the development of stagnant processes in the future.
- Stop bad habits.Many experts have no idea how congestive prostatitis can be treated with smoking or alcohol abuse. It is very important for the patient to stop smoking completely and drinking alcohol, which can cause congestion. It is equally important to minimize such negative factors as hypothermia, physical overload, physical inactivity and so on.
- Physical activity.Most specialists prescribe specific physiotherapy exercises for their patients. Such exercises usually aim to strengthen the abdominal muscles, improve breathing and stimulate the pelvic floor muscles.
- Treatment with vitamins.This is a very important step in the treatment of congestive heart disease. The patient's body must receive the full range of nutrients. For this purpose, vitamin complexes are most often prescribed to patients with congestive prostatitis.
If the cause of the development of congestive prostatitis in a man is the insufficiency of the valves of the veins of the lower extremities, then he undergoes surgery.
In this case, the basis of precautionary measures is activity. In addition, it should be manifested in both movement and sex. Experts say that to avoid stagnation, the prostate must function regularly. Only ejaculation can provide this.
Moderate exercise, frequent walks and a normal diet will help prevent the development of this disease.