Inflammatory prostate diseases affect about 60% of men. Such a widespread occurrence of prostatitis is explained by a large number of factors that can cause it. The reasons may be infectious lesions, reduced immune defenses, tissue hypothermia or circulatory disorders in the area of the glands, lack of normal sex.
The urgency of the problem has contributed to the emergence of many types of drugs on the market. Despite a wide range of medications, it is highly undesirable to start treatment on your own. Your urologist will help you determine what caused the inflammation in a particular case.
Types of drugs for the treatment of prostatitis
An integrated approach is used to achieve a fast and high quality result in the medical treatment of prostatitis. The following groups of drugs are used:
- Antibiotics.Used in the presence of a laboratory-confirmed bacterial pathogen. The type of antibacterial agent used depends on the susceptibility of the germ. In most cases, these are fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines or penicillins.
- Anti-inflammatory drugsfor prostatitis. They relieve inflammation in the gland, thus improving blood flow, outflow of secretions from the gland and relieve pain.
- Muscle relaxants for skeletal muscles.Relieve tension in the muscles near the gland, which manifests itself by reducing discomfort and pain.
- Muscle relaxants for smooth muscles.Relieve spasm in the urethra, glandular ducts and blood vessels, which improves urine output, prostate secretions and pain relief.
- Alpha-blockersfor prostatitis. They relieve the tone of the smooth muscles of the urethra and the neck of the bladder, which is manifested by the improvement of urine flow and reduces the frequency of recurrences of the disease.
- Hormonal drugs.Reduce the growth and swelling of glandular tissues.
- Immunostimulants.Designed to increase the body's defenses to fight infections.
- Phytotherapeutic agents.They have combined properties: reduce swelling of the gland, improve urine output, increase strength. They are ineffective in monotherapy. Suitable for disease prevention.
Treatment options vary depending on the form of prostatitis.
Depending on the situation, the drugs can be delivered in tablet form, in the form of suppositories, injections, instillations, microcells.
Good results can be achieved with a combination of medication, physical therapy and prostate massage. A condition for the treatment of a patient is to correct his lifestyle.
Drugs for the treatment of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis occurs due to an infectious cause. Its treatment is based on the use of antibiotics. Requirements for these substances should include action against this pathogen, good tissue penetration and a minimal number of side effects.
Swelling that occurs in acute prostatitis will cause pain and urinary retention. For these reasons, the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and anticonvulsants is mandatory.
It is worth remembering that an acute inflammatory process is a contraindication to physiotherapy and massage.
Preparations for chronic prostatitis
Chronic prostatitis requires more treatment than acute prostatitis. Prolonged course of inflammation causes the connective tissue to multiply, which will affect the penetration of antibacterial agents into the foci of infection.Therefore, enzyme preparations are also used in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. They are prescribed in the form of suppositories.
General immunoregulatory therapy is performed, which involves the appointment of certain medications.
Slowing down blood flow to the gland reduces the rate of metabolic processes and slows down regeneration. Tablets are prescribed to improve microvascular circulation.
All chronic diseases deplete the body's reserves. To cover the lack of vitamins and trace elements, multivitamin complexes are prescribed.
Some cases of chronic prostatitis require hormone therapy.
Despite the availability of medication, self-medication is not recommended. The disease can turn into a chronic form, lead to curvature of the urethra, oncological degeneration of the gland. At the first signs of the disease, you should immediately consult a urologist.