Inflammation of the prostate brings many unpleasant sensations to a man, makes him suffer both physically and psychologically. Sprayed prostatitis can lead to dangerous consequences, up to infertility, the development of benign and malignant tumors in the tissues of the organ, complete disability. Therefore, an important role is played by the timely visit to the doctor, identifying the causes of the inflammatory process and the appropriate treatment. Today on the pharmacological market there are various drugs and effective treatments for the treatment of prostatitis, different in their action, effectiveness and price.
Successful treatment of prostatitis is provided only with a comprehensive approach, such as the use of drugs, diet, physiotherapy, the use of folk remedies, the elimination of provocative factors and the elimination of the causes of the pathological process. Medication therapy, in turn, involves the use of drugs that aim to eliminate various problems. Drugs for the treatment of prostate inflammation are presented in different dosage forms, they can combine many actions at the same time.
Dosage forms of drugs for prostatitis
Drugs for prostatitis are available in the following dosage forms:
- tablets or capsules?
- injectable drugs?
- rectal suppositories?
- microclists and instillation.
The latter can be prepared based on both natural ingredients and the use of medicines.
You can not do without pills in the treatment of prostatitis. Chronic prostatitis in men can be treated using other dosage forms, but only during periods of remission. During an exacerbation, you should take pills. Since the inflammatory process in the prostate gland is often caused by infectious agents, treatment necessarily involves the use of different types of antibiotics. In addition, in the treatment of all types of prostatitis, the following groups of drugs can be used, which are prescribed according to the indications in each specific case:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs?
- muscle relaxants?
- hormonal preparations?
In addition, complex preparations have been developed that have a combined effect on prostatitis.
Such drugs are necessary in almost all cases of acute prostatitis, caused by pathogenic microorganisms. When inflammation is caused by congestion in the pelvic organs, antibiotics can also be used if tests reveal the activity of so-called non-specific or opportunistic microflora.
Self-medication with antibiotics, uncontrolled intake, use of such drugs on the advice of friends or the Internet is strictly prohibited. Only a qualified doctor can rely on test results to determine what medications are needed in a particular case. Some patients need a combination of different types of antibiotics. The determination of the type of drug, doses, treatments and duration of treatment depends solely on the urologist.
The following groups of antibiotics can be used to treat prostatitis:
- fluoroquinolones- destroy the DNA synthesis of cells of pathogenic microorganisms, thus suppressing their vital activity.
- tetracyclines- broad-spectrum antibiotics, suppressing pathogenic microflora, rather difficult for patients to tolerate.
- cephalosporins- damage the cell membranes of pathogenic microorganisms, interfering with their life and reproduction, these antibiotics have many side effects, adversely affect the condition of the gastrointestinal tract and almost neverrecommended to be administered. intramuscularly
- penicillins- block the protein synthesis required for microorganisms to build cellular structures, these chapters, unlike the previous ones, have almost no side effects and are taken in tablets.
- macrolides- drugs with the lowest toxicity in the human body, are very well tolerated by patients, but are rarely prescribed due to unproven effectiveness in the treatment of prostatitis.
The need to take antibiotics according to certain regimens and in specific doses is due to the peculiarities of their action. Only after reaching a certain concentration, which must be replenished at regular intervals, the drugs begin to suppress the pathogenic microflora. It takes ten days to a month to completely destroy it. If the course is not completed, as some patients do, when they feel well, the infectious agents may remain in the body, become resistant to the drugs and, under certain conditions, begin to multiply again.
Alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers
This group of medicines is prescribed for serious urological problems to relax the smooth muscles of the bladder and urethra.Alpha-adrenergic blockers differ in their action - some act selectively on receptors, others do not.
Many alpha-blockers are hypotensive, so they are not prescribed for patients with low blood pressure. They have almost no side effects, block the flow of urine and prevent the prostate from reappearing.
Analgesics and anticonvulsants
With severe pain syndrome, especially with an inflammatory purulent course of prostatitis, you can not do it without pain relief. The pain in prostatitis is so severe that the patient can not even touch the affected area. Most analgesics do not affect the area of pain, but relieve sensitivity from the brain centers to the cortex. Therefore, they are not worth using regularly, they do not provide real help in solving the problem.Anticonvulsants have another effect. These drugs relax the smooth muscles of the organs, relieve spasms.
These drugs aim to eliminate inflammation, reduce swelling in the affected area, have antipyretic and analgesic effects, facilitate urination, but most of the time the inflammation is removed with suppositories and microclists.
Preparations based on plant ingredients
Natural preparations are recommended for use in chronic forms of the disease. They require a long course of administration, but are able to improve the function of the prostate gland, to suppress the activity of pathogenic microflora, to strengthen the immune system, which suffers from a long fight against infection.
Various types of antibiotics are suggested for intramuscular administration for prostatitis.
The most effective treatment for prostate inflammation, produced in solutions for intramuscular administration, is a special drug that has a complex effect: relieves swelling, improves fluid circulation in the affected area, relieves inflammation, increasessmooth muscle tone, strengthens the immune system.
Rectal suppositories are considered to be the most effective way to relieve pain and inflammation. Their effectiveness is due to the fact that they bypass blood circulation, liver and gastrointestinal tract, penetrating directly into the affected area. Doctors recommend the use in the treatment of prostatitis:
- fish candles?
- candles with medicines.
- candles with propolis.
Injecting directly into the rectum, located next to the area of inflammation, provides a rapid suppository action. This treatment has the following effects:
- quickly relieves pain syndrome.
- relieves swelling and inflammation.
- improves blood circulation to the affected area.
- restores prostate function.
- the pathogenic microflora is destroyed. The urination process
- was restored.
Suppositories are recommended for all forms of prostatitis.
Microclists and instillations
Like rectal suppositories, microcycles and instillations provide rapid delivery of active substances directly to the inflamed organ.
Procedures can be performed using solutions of medicinal preparations, decoctions and alcoholic tinctures of medicinal herbs, natural oils.
Before taking any medicine for prostatitis, you should consult your doctor and undergo a thorough examination. Medication is very effective, but if a man does not change his habits and eliminate the effect of the factors that cause it, prostatitis will return very soon, even with successful treatment.